AUTHOR: Sascha Roesler
CONTEXT: Book Contribution to "Climate as a Design Factor. Architecture and Energy," (ed. by Christian Hönger et al.), Luzern, 2013, p. 18-21
To turn the influencing factor of climate into a design factor in the first place, one must accept the idea that over the millennia, people have observed the natural environment in which they built. Many everyday domestic building methods around the world can be regarded as the evolutionary result of observing the climate. There is a provable, albeit rarely explicit correlation between climate zones and construction principles. People integrated themselves and their building methods into the local climatic conditions; but they also tried to manipulate them to their advantage using appropriate structural measures. That is the ambivalent aspect of adaptation to and adaptation of natural conditions through construction and buildings.