AUTHOR: Madlen Kobi
CONTEXT: Lecture in the team workshop "Comparative Studies in Climate Control", Academy of Architecture, Mendrisio, 18.6.2018
KEYWORDS: China, Chongqing, ventilation practices, material culture, architecture
This paper presentation discusses the most typical housing typologies in Chongqing in order to explore the role of ventilation in urban architecture and as part of people’s thermal-material culture. Creating ventilation is one of the few ways to be comfortable when temperatures are high and you still want to be outside. In garden restaurants or on people’s terraces, ventilators are positioned next to the table creating an artificial breeze (image 1). A breeze is also created through the use of a hand fan or this outdated model of a palm leaf fan (image 2). Not only outdoors, but also indoors, Chongqing people celebrate ventilation as creating a breeze in summer and as a way to combat moulding due to high air humidity in winter.